Contrary to the vast majority of my fellow scholars of American history, I have never found the account of the creation of political parties in the Founding Era and Early Republic to be credible. I see very little evidence of anything that we would recognize as political parties before 1837… (essay by Bradley J. Birzer)
— Read on theimaginativeconservative.org/2019/04/political-parties-american-founding-era-bradley-birzer.html
Could virtually all of the Founding Fathers simply be considered Whigs as opposed to the Loyalist “Tories” as the Colonial counterrevolutionaries were called at the time? Might the political landscape after the revolution reprse t one party triumphant in a partisan Civil Wat?